Every employee in the Philippines is entitled to leave of absence. There are different types of paid leaves in the country and they can be quite confusing. Especially for hopeful fresh graduates who just got their first job.

When I was job hunting, one of the factors I looked into when choosing an employer was the benefits I am entitled to. It is important that my potential boss values work-life balance. Sure, I can be workaholic at times, but I still want to be able to enjoy life and spend time with my family. I believe that taking time off from work every once in a while is healthy.

Different Types of Paid Leaves

Employers granting employees annual leaves and sick leaves are not mandatory under Philippine Law. But Paternal and Maternal leaves, Service Incentive Leave, and Special Leave for Women, to name a few, are.

 1. Sick Leave (SL)

Employees who can’t report to work due to sickness or disability can apply for sick leave. Employees can also avail SL if they have family members who are ill and needs taking care of. Usually this is equivalent to 15 days and can be converted to cash by the end of the year.

Sick leave can be filed on the day the employee returns to work. If an employee exceeds three days or filed in advance, the filed SL must be accompanied with a medical certificate.

2. Vacation Leave (VL)

As mentioned earlier, employers are not mandated by law to grant vacation leaves to their employees. So it’s a good thing that workplaces have now understood that we all have lives outside our jobs and how important family and self time is. Employees can avail vacation leaves for whatever personal reasons. This is, however, under the condition that the supervisor or manager approves it.

3. Service Incentive Leave (SIL)

The SIL is the alternative option for employers who don’t grant their employees sick or vacation leaves. By law, companies are required to grant their staff, who have worked for them for a year, SIL equivalent to five days. These five days can be used either as sick or vacation leave. If not used during the year, employers can pay it’s money equivalent when the year ends.

4. Maternity Leave (ML) 

It takes time to recover from giving birth, plus mothers have to spend some time with their newborn after. Women who’ve worked in the government sector for at least two years are eligible to avail 60 days of paid maternity leave  on top of their vacation and sick leaves.

Female members of SSS who have made three monthly contributions, at least twelve months before giving birth, are also eligible for maternity leave. Normal delivery allows 60 days of fully paid leave, while 78 days for caesarian delivery.

5. Paternity Leave

Fathers can also take some time off after their wife has given birth. The law requires employers to give seven days of paternity leave, with full pay, for male employees. Take note that this can only be availed for the first four deliveries of the legitimate spouse. It is also non-convertible to cash and non-cumulative.

6. Parental Leave

It’s hard to take care of children, especially if you’re a single parent. In case you didn’t know, single parents are eligible for seven days of parental leave. That is, as long as they have rendered at least a year of service to the company and that they have  the sole custody and responsibility of the kids.

Employees must submit a Solo Parent Identification Card or documentation from DSWD to the HR Department if they wish to avail parental leave.

7. Rehabilitation Leave 

Employees who have sustained injury and disability whilst on duty can avail rehabilitation leave. However, the frequency and duration will be dependent on a medical authority’s recommendation.

The rehabilitation leave should not exceed six months. Also note that any absences of employees availing this leave are not deducted from their vacation and sick leave credits.

8. Study Leave 

Study leave is also offered by employers to qualified staff who are about to take their bar or board exams. With study leave, employees can get up to six months off work, fully paid, to prepare for their exams.

Why Paid Leaves Are Important To Know

Getting time off from work every now and then is a good way of reestablishing work-life balance. As an employee, you deserve a vacation after working so hard for your company. For employers, providing such benefits to their staff is a good way of keeping them for years to come.

If you are a new HR employee, this article will be helpful to understand the different types of paid leaves stated above. Give it enough time and you can assist the employees if they have questions which leaves they’re entitled to.




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